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Lithographs by type

Lithograph - The term lithograph is defined as an image created from a drawing made by an artist on a stone. Edna Hibel creates her original stone lithographs in the classical methodology. The artist draws on a series of very smoothly ground bavarian limestones with a grease-based pencil, a liquid with brushes, and with sharp objects which permit her to scrape away the ink she has drawn onto the stone. Each stone is millions of years old, and has a texture that is seen through the ink on the paper.

The artist draws a key stone (or major) image, and then background and additional details are drawn on other stones. Edna generally uses one stone for each color in the resulting art work. She creates lithographs with up to 32 colors -- more than any other artist since the medium was invented in 1795. Edna Hibel is considered a Master Stone Lithographer who has produced over 610 editions so far in her career.

Artist Proof - An artist's proof is the first trial images made by an artist. With each proof, the artist can make changes and make other proofs, until she is satisfied with the results. Then the edition is made. Instead of numbers on the bottoms of these images, the artist will write the words "artist's proof."

Artist Proof and Pastel - In producing a lithograph, before making any changes on the sone (or before doing the next stone for multi color lithographs), Ms. Hibel works on the proof in pencil, paint, ink or crayon to see what the effects will be.  This helps her to determine what changes to make andhow to proceed with the stone.

Unique - A single print with a unique combination of colors and or paper deliberately pulled to create an unusual impression.  This is not a trial proof or artist proof.

Unique and Oil - A unique print that Ms. Hibel has then worked on with oil paint, pencil, gold leaf, crayon or ink.  Those that have been pulled on silk are frequently refrerred to as silks. 


Suite - A grouping of lithographs designed by the artist to compliment each other in making a full presentation of what she wants to signify.

Edition -The number of impressions made from a printing plate and authorized by the artist.

Sections or Series A, B, C or I, II, III -  Because of the variety of effects shei s able to achieve with the lithographic process by varying papers, inks and tranparency of color, Ms. Hibel often finds more than one combination that pleases her for a particular lithograph.  Rather than elimiate all but one, the edition is developed into more than one section or series. 

Artist Edition - A particular combination of pater and ink colors that strikes Ms. Hibel's fancy.  A few copies are printed for her own interest or special sections.